Marcos Emanoel Pereira
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Crenças coletivas e prática dos Direitos Humanos: um estudo comparativo entre Brasil e Espanha
Leoncio Camino, Aline Oliveira Machado, Ana Raquel Rosas Torres, José Luis Álvaro Estramiana
Palavras-chave: Direitos Humanos, responsabilização, crenças, Espanha, Brasil
Abstract: Assuming that Human Rights and their representations are social, historical and culturally constructed, this study aimed at investigating the knowledge, actions and responsibility in the fulfillment of Human Rights by Brazilian (n=149) and Spanish (n=80) participants, all university students, from Law and Social Sciences. The results allow us to assert that individuals tend to classify Human Rights into two fundamental groups, political rights and economic rights, in such a way that while in Brazil the emphasis is given to the economic rights, in Spain it is given to the political rights. For both groups of participants, the State would be the main responsible for the promotion and defense of Human Rights, although, according to the majority, this does not occur in any of both countries. Taken together, the results point out to the idea that the notion of Human Rights is deeply rooted in the history of each country as well as in its political and economic context.
Keywords: Human Rights, responsibility, beliefs, Spain, Brazil.
Direitos dos Adolescentes: Fazendo Sentido nas Vivências Cotidianas
Gilberto Lima Santos e Antonio Marcos Chaves
Palavras-chave: adolescente; vivências cotidianas; direitos; sentidos.
Abstract: People experience their rights in individual and social dimensions simultaneously. This study aimed to know the ways through which each adolescent make sense about his/her own rights in everyday experience. This is a case study. The participants were two students in high school. He was 16 and she was 17 years old. In the first moment, a questionnaire was given to the students. In the second moment, semi-structured individual interviews based on their responses to the questionnaire were developed in order to get a deeper and better understanding. Data analysis was conducted qualitatively. Referring to Historical and Cultural Psychology, it became possible to conclude that, while experiencing rights within a specific context, the adolescent articulates them to his/her history, emotions, needs and intentions. These links are cores of senses which, in turn, organize themselves as a totality. This totality seems to guide the ways in which the individual means his new experiences relating to the same topic.
Keywords: adolescent; everyday experiences; rights; senses.
A percepção dos profissionais que atuam no âmbito jurídico e psicossocial em relação à alienação parental
Eveline Bonifácio Gewehr
Palavras-Chave: Alienação Parental. Poder Judiciário. Psicologia.
Abstract: Parental Alienation (PA) is based on the interference of an adult (father, mother, grandmother / grandfather, aunts) or another adult who has proximity to the child / adolescent with the intention of distancing him or harming his / her bond. The study included 13 professionals: Lawyers, Social Workers, Judges, Promoters and Psychologists working in the region of Middle-Upper Uruguay, in order to understand the perception of professionals working in the legal and psychosocial field in relation to the PA. The authors observed that, in the perception of the professionals, the PA has frequently occurred, usually caused by the custodian, causing serious damage to the alienated child / adolescent. It was evidenced the need for technical training of professionals who work with the demand.
Keywords: Parental Alienation. Judicial Power. Psychology.
Síndrome de Burnout: causas e consequências em diversos profissionais
Crichna Aguiar Gonçales e Relber Aguiar Gonçales
Palavras-chave: desmotivação; esgotamento mental; estresse.
Abstract: Stress it comes if established over the years and affects more people worldwide. In this work, we aimed was to investigate the Burnout Syndrome in professional several areas by exploratory bibliographic search quantitative and qualitative Latin American Literature data base and Caribbean Health Sciences ( LILACS ). The sample consisted of scientific articles published during the past five years with descriptor being “ Burnout Syndrome”. The results showed that professionals from various areas have a strong tendency to develop Burnout Professionals it is necessary risk a reflexive stance on their practices and , above all, to put yourself in the position of learners.
Keywords: desmotivation; mental exhaustion; stress.
Estratégias de coping e suas relações com o bem-estar no trabalho: um estudo com bombeiros militares
Lhaís Alves de Souza Pereira Santana e Sônia Regina Pereira Fernandes
Palavras-chave: bombeiro militar, estratégias de coping, bem-estar no trabalho.
Abstract: Whereas the firefighter’s work involves stressful situations and that, in spite of that, this professional can present indicators of well-being, the present study adopted as a general goal to analyze the types of coping used by firefighters that relate to well-being at work. The study was of a transversal and quantitative nature. The Occupational Coping Scale (Pinheiro, Tróccoli, & Tamayo, 2003) and Well-Being at Work Scale (Paschoal & Tamayo, 2008) were used to measure the constructs addressed. Data collection was performed at the participants’ own workplace – 121 military firefighters. The analysis of the data was, initially, exploratory in nature, after which a correlation analysis was performed. The results indicate positive correlation, only, between coping “control” and the dimensions “achievement” and “positive affect” and coping “symptom management” and “achievement”. It is recommended to carry out new research to increase the understanding of these phenomena in the study population.
Keywords: military firefighter, coping, well-being at work.
Depressão pós-AVC isquêmico e alterações nas funções executivas
Anderson Siqueira Teixeira, Carlos Eduardo de Souza Menezes, João José Freitas de Carvalho e Fabricio Oliveira Lima
Palavras-chave: Neuropsicologia, acidente vascular cerebral, depressão pós-AVC, função executiva.
Abstract: Objective: To analyze the association between post-stroke depressive symptoms with the changes in the executive functions in post ischemic stroke patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. The Stroop test, Cubes Corsi, Trail Making Test, Wechsler Digit Span Test and the Similarities (WAISIII) were used to evaluate executive functions. Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Hamilton scale (HAM-D) of 21 items. Activities of daily living (ADLs) were assessed by the Barthel index. Results: Fifty five patients (mean age 55.2 + 13.6 years; 28 men; 50,9%) were included. Eight patients (14.5%) had severe depressive symptoms. Twenty three (41.8%) patients of the incomplete elementary school level had below average performance of the neuropsychological tests. Conclusion: Larger research studies are necessary in order to improve statistical power as well as prospective follow-up studies assessing the changes of depressive symptoms, executive functions and ADLs over time.
Keywords: neuropsychology, stroke, post-stroke depression, executive function.